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Indonesia A country that is not energy efficient



Indonesia is a country that is wasteful in energy use. One of the indicators is Indonesia's energy saving potential in various sectors, including households, based on a study of 10% -35%.

Thus disclosed Plt. Director of Energy Conservation Directorate General of Renewable Energy and Energy Conservation of the Ministry of Energy and Mineral Resources (ESDM), Maritje Hutapea. It was delivered at the Launch of Energy Saving Contest at School for Junior High School and Senior High School in 2017 in Bandung City at Harris Hotel & Convention Festival CityLink, Jln. Map, Bandung, Monday, July 31, 2017.

"Especially for electricity, if converted, the potential savings of household consumption by 10% is equivalent to the construction of a 900 Mega Watt (MW) steam power plant," he said.

One of the causes of energy waste in Indonesia, according to him, is the use of energy that is not efficient and not as needed. One simple example is the selection of incandescent bulbs compared to LEDs.

In fact, with the same light intensity, LED power consumption is much more efficient than incandescent lamps. The electricity consumption savings of LED lamps can reach 75% -80% when compared with incandescent lamps.

Dangerous energy reserves
Such energy-intensive conditions, according to Maritje, will endanger national energy reserves. The reason, until now 95% of national energy needs are still met from fossil energy and only 5% filled with renewable energy.

"In the future, energy demand will continue to increase, while oil and gas reserves will decrease, causing big problems in national energy supply," said Maritje.

He estimates, if not found a new oil source, in the next 23 years Indonesia will not be able to meet its own energy needs. As a result, Indonesia will increasingly rely on energy imports.

In 2016 Indonesia's total electricity consumption of 216 Terra Watt Hour (TWh), which 94 TWh of which is the consumption of the household sector. The government, according to Maritje, has launched a 10% Cut Energy Saving Campaign since 2015 to curb growth in energy consumption.

"Currently the government continues to improve the socialization of the program, one of them through energy-efficient competition for schools," he said.

The competition will be held for three months followed by 150 schools in five cities, each of 30 schools in each city. The five cities are Palembang, Bandung, Surabaya, Denpasar, and Jabodetabek.

"The target targeted through this activity is the provision of energy-saving habits early on through the scheme of learning by doing," he said.

Meanwhile, energy saving patterns that can be done simply at home, according to him, are summarized in 3M. First, turn off lights and other electrical appliances when not in use. Second, unplug the power cord if the equipment has been powered off and the third M is setting the AC temperature in the room at 25ÂșC.

"If 3M can be applied consistently, it will be the start for further energy-saving measures," said Maritje

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